“The National Center for Strategic Research in Higher Education” non-governmental organization with the support of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Armenia realized a comprehensive study dedicated to the issues of “The state of affairs and perspectives of Armenian higher and post-graduate education within Bologna Process” ordered within state grant allocated for the thematic research on the state of higher and post-graduate education and reforms implemented within Bologna Process. The results of the study are presented in the report.
The aim of the project was to analyze the results of reforms within the context of Bologna Process, paying attention to a number of main directions and assessing the progress of Bologna Process based on implemented reforms, highlighting the factors that impede the process, as well as developing recommendations for the improvement of the situation. In parallel to that, strategic directives have been developed for the upcoming decade in order to synchronize the progress of reforms with the aims defined in 2009 Leuven Communiqué.
In order to reach the above-stated aim the project has defined the following objectives.
1) The overall presentation of the results in Bologna member states along the main action lines.
2) The assessment and evaluation of reform process and results in higher education institutions, factors and problems that impede the progress, provision of recommendations for the improvement of the situation along the following lines:
− three cycle system of qualifications of higher education, programmatic reform and national qualifications framework,
− European credit ECTS system,
− internal quality assurance,
− academic mobility, recognition and diploma supplement.
3) Development of reforms’ strategic directions and recommendations for upcoming decade synchronized with the priorities set in Leuven Communiqué and the development of a roadmap of priority actions for higher education institutions.
For the realization of the first objective the final reports of the main European actors (EUA, ENQA, ESU, EURASHE, ENIC-NARIC, UNESCO-CEPES, EC, CoE) have been used and based on them a report concerning the current results and progress of Bologna Process in EHEA has been complied along the main areas as indentified in the second objective.
For the realization of the second objective the following actions have been taken:
− A set of indicators for the quantitative and qualitative analyses of the four main areas has been developed (see the attachments),
− A survey in 16 higher education institutions conducted covering the main aspects and measuring the development indicators.
− Study visits to the higher education institutions in order to conduct qualitative research along the main aspects, trying to uncover the main factors and problems that impede the reform process.
− Recommendations for the improvement of the current state along the four main aspects have been developed.
The third objective of the project has been solved within the context of main action lines of Leuven Communiqué of Bologna Process by combining and analyzing the outcomes of the first two objectives of the project. The strategic directions and recommendations for the implementation of reforms in higher education institutions have been developed, set for the upcoming decade, that are aimed at fully integrating the Armenian higher education system with the EHEA. Simultaneously, a set of suggestions and recommendations has been developed aiming at the provision of a roadmap of future actions mainstreaming the progress of Bologna Process in the country.
The sections of the report are dedicated to the above stated objectives, the study of which has led to the development of the following three documents:
1. Bologna Process before and after 2010: The main results and action lines for the upcoming decade.
2. Implementation of Bologna Process in Armenian public higher education institutions: Analytical report.
3. The future developments of Bologna Process in Armenia: Strategic Directions for the new decade (2011-2020).
You can download it from here (HE Reforms in RA_Final Report)